Posted on: January 15, 2020 at 1:44 pm
Last updated: September 16, 2020 at 12:58 pm

Do you remember the last time you came down with a cold, and you ended up with a nasty, chesty-cough that seemed to linger long after your sinuses had dried up? There’s a chance you may have had bronchitis.

Advertisement

What is Bronchitis?

Bronchitis occurs when your bronchial tubes, which are the tubes that carry air to and from your lungs, become inflamed. There are two types of bronchitis: acute and chronic [1].

Acute bronchitis is very common. You’ve probably more often heard it referred to as a chest cold. Acute bronchitis usually gets better in seven to ten days, although sometimes a cough can linger for some weeks [1].

Advertisement

Chronic bronchitis is a constant irritation or inflammation of the bronchial tube lining and is much more problematic because it could lead to more serious conditions like chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Chronic bronchitis can often be caused by smoking [1]. 

Symptoms of Bronchitis

Of course, the hallmark symptom of bronchitis is a cough. This cough is usually accompanied by mucus, also called sputum, which can be clear, white, yellowish-gray, or green. On rare occasions, it can be streaked with blood [1].

Other symptoms include fatigue, shortness of breath, mild fever and chills, or chest discomfort. Acute bronchitis can often be accompanied by cold symptoms, like a headache or body aches [1].

The symptoms of chronic bronchitis are the same as acute, however, in order to qualify as chronic, you must have a mucus-producing cough for at least three consecutive months, with recurring bouts that last for at least two years [1].

Advertisement

Risk Factors

Acute bronchitis is usually caused by the same viruses that cause colds and flu, so if you have a weak immune system, or if your immune system has already been compromised by another illness (such as a cold), you are at a greater risk for getting bronchitis [1].

The most common risk factor for chronic bronchitis, however, is smoking. In fact, according to the CDC, almost half of all smokers develop chronic bronchitis [2].

There are also other environmental factors that could contribute to your chronic bronchitis, particularly if you are exposed to irritants like smog, industrial pollutants, and solvents [2].

The same viruses and bacteria that cause acute bronchitis can also lead to chronic bronchitis if you are repeatedly exposed to similar bacteria [2].

Other risk factors for chronic bronchitis include underlying diseases, like asthma or cystic fibrosis, a familial predisposition to the condition, pneumonia, or gastric reflux. All of these causes are significantly less frequent than cigarette smoking [2].

Read: Ginger-Garlic Soup Made With 52 Cloves of Garlic Can Help Defeat Colds, Flu and Even Norovirus

When You Should Seek Medical Care

You should speak to your doctor if you have any of the following symptoms:

  • A temperature of 100.4 °F or higher
  • Cough with bloody mucus
  • Shortness of breath or trouble breathing
  • Symptoms that last more than 3 weeks
  • Repeated episodes of bronchitis [3]

Chronic Bronchitis and COPD

It is very important to see a doctor if you have chronic bronchitis because it could lead to a more dangerous condition called chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This is an inflammatory lung disease that obstructs airflow from the lungs, making it difficult to breathe [4].

COPD can make you more likely to have respiratory infections like colds and pneumonia, increases your risk for heart disease and lung cancer, and may cause high blood pressure in your lungs’ arteries. It has also been linked with depression, since having difficulty breathing can prevent you from participating in activities you enjoy [4].

Treatment for Chronic Bronchitis

If you are suffering from chronic bronchitis and are a smoker, the first thing your doctor will recommend to you is to stop smoking. Typically half of the patients with chronic bronchitis will cease coughing after just one month of no-smoking [2].

There are two types of medications that can be used to treat chronic bronchitis: bronchodilators and steroids [2].

Bronchodilators help to relax the smooth muscles that surround the bronchi, allowing the inner airways to expand [2]. Steroids help reduce inflammation, which decreases the swelling and secretions in your bronchi. This reduces airway obstruction, allowing you to breathe better. More often than not, a combination of both bronchodilators and Steroids will be used in treatment [2].

Read: Sinus Infection: Signs and Symptoms + 10 Natural Remedies

10 Natural Remedies for Acute Bronchitis

While there is no actual cure for acute bronchitis, there are many natural remedies that can make you feel better and help you to get healthy faster.

  1. Get plenty of rest. Give your body the chance to put as much energy as possible into healing [3].
  2. Stay hydrated. This helps to thin out mucus which makes it easier to get rid of. Warm liquids, like ginger tea or honey-lemon water,  can be particularly soothing [5].
  3. Eat spicy food. Foods like hot mustard or wasabi can help loosen up bronchial secretions. Chili peppers contain capsaicin, which also helps to thin out mucus [13].
  4. Try a herbal remedy. Elderberry or Sambucus nigra has been shown to actually inhibit the bronchitis virus at an early stage in replication [6]. African geranium, or Pelargonium sidoides, can help increase your body’s natural healing rate against bronchitis when used as a supplement [7]. There is also evidence that ginger can act as an anti-inflammatory against respiratory infections, and garlic can inhibit the growth of the bronchitis virus [8,9]. Other remedies to try could include echinacea, bee propolis, and manuka honey.
  5. Gargle saltwater. Swishing warm salt water in your throat and mouth several times per day can help wash away excess mucus. This could also help prevent future colds from developing [5].
  6. Drink lemon water. Lemon is used widely as an expectorant, which means it helps you to get rid of excess mucus [14].
  7. Steam helps you to break up mucus so you can expel it more easily. Try standing in a hot shower and breathing deeply through your nose and mouth, or put hot water in a bowl and towel over your head and inhaling the steam. Do not stand over the hot water for more than a minute or two at a time to avoid burning your airways [14].
  8. Use Essential Oils. Myrtol, eucalyptus, or orange oil can ease inflammation and breathing difficulties [10].
  9. Eat chicken soup. It can help clear mucus and have a mild anti-inflammatory effect as well [11].
  10. Take a vitamin D supplement. Studies have shown that a vitamin D supplement can reduce respiratory infections, including bronchitis [12].

Take Your Time

As with any illness, it is important that you give your body the chance to heal and get better. The kinder you are to your body, the quicker you will be back on your feet. Spend a day or two at home and try as many of these remedies as you like- while they may not cure your bronchitis completely, they will ease your symptoms and help you to get back to normal faster.

Again, if you notice any symptoms that seem out of the norm, or you are showing signs of chronic bronchitis, you should go see your doctor as soon as possible. Chronic bronchitis is a more serious condition that warrants the advice of a medical professional.

Disclaimer: This information is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and is for information only. Always seek the advice of your physician or another qualified health provider with any questions about your medical condition and/or current medication. Do not disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking advice or treatment because of something you have read here.

Read More:
Eating chilies cuts risk of death from heart attack and stroke, study says
Natural Evidence-Based Ways to Clear Excess Throat Mucus, Fast

Advertisement
Brittany Hambleton
Team Writer
Brittany is a freelance writer and editor with a Bachelor of Science in Foods and Nutrition and a writer’s certificate from the University of Western Ontario. She enjoyed a stint as a personal trainer and is an avid runner. Brittany loves to combine running and traveling, and has run numerous races across North America and Europe. She also loves chocolate more than anything else… the darker, the better!

A Special Message From Our Founders


Use Superfoods as Medicine e-book

Over the past few years of working with health experts all over the world, there’s one major insight we’ve learned.

You don’t have to rely on expensive medications for the rest of your lives.

Most health problems can often be resolved with a good diet, exercise and a few powerful superfoods. In fact, we’ve gone through hundreds of scientific papers and ‘superfood’ claims and only selected the top 5% that are:

  • Backed by scientific research
  • Affordable
  • Simple to use

We then put this valuable information into the Superfood as Medicine Guide: a 100+ page guide on the 7 most powerful superfoods available, including:

  • Exact dosages for every health ailment
  • DIY recipes to create your own products
  • Simple recipes