Monster Energy Drinks on shelf
Sean Cate
Sean Cate
June 20, 2024 ·  3 min read

Energy Drinks May Trigger Dangerous Condition in People With Heart Disease, Study

Energy drinks are popular for their quick energy boost, but recent research suggests they might pose significant risks for individuals with certain genetic heart conditions. A study published in the journal Heart Rhythm highlights potential dangers associated with these beverages, sparking concerns about their widespread consumption and the need for further research.1

The Study: Energy Drinks and Cardiac Events

Energy drink
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Researchers from the Mayo Clinic in Minnesota conducted a study involving 144 recent sudden cardiac arrest survivors who had pre-existing genetic heart conditions. They discovered that 7 of these participants (approximately 5%) had consumed energy drinks prior to their cardiac arrest, indicating a possible link between these health events and energy drink consumption. Although this study is associative, the findings underscore the potential risks and necessitate further investigation.

Read More: Woman Issues Warning After Husband’s Death Linked To Drinking One Energy Drink A Day

Understanding Arrhythmogenic Foods

man grabbing chest
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The study explores the concept of “arrhythmogenic foods”—foods that might cause heart arrhythmias. Energy drinks, which contain high levels of caffeine, taurine, and guarana, fall into this category. These compounds can have adverse effects on heart health, particularly in those with genetic predispositions to cardiac conditions.2

Ingredients of Concern

line of energy drinks
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Energy drinks often contain ingredients that can affect heart rhythm and function:

  • Caffeine: A known stimulant that can increase heart rate and blood pressure.
  • Taurine: An amino acid that can alter cardiac repolarization and increase the risk of arrhythmias.
  • Guarana: A plant extract with stimulant properties, adding to the overall caffeine content.

Broader Implications and the Need for Caution

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While the absolute risk of a sudden cardiac event after consuming an energy drink is small, the relative risk for individuals with known genetic heart conditions is significant. Dr. Michael J. Ackerman, the lead study author, emphasizes the importance of weighing the risks and benefits of energy drinks for those with predispositions to sudden death. This caution extends to the general population, highlighting the need for awareness and regulation in the energy drink market.3

Read More: British Student with Extreme Tooth Decay Says Energy Drinks ‘Completely Ruined His Life’

Historical Context and Previous Incidents

Gilbert, Arizona - Sept. 30 2023: Panera Bread is an American chain store of bakery cafe fast casual restaurants with over 2,000 locations, all of which are in the United States and Canada.
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This study is not the first to raise alarms about the safety of energy drinks. Incidents like the removal of Panera Bread’s highly caffeinated “Charged Lemonade” after related deaths underline the potential dangers of these beverages. These cases emphasize the urgent need for regulatory scrutiny and public education on the risks associated with high caffeine intake.

The Call for Further Research

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An editorial accompanying the study calls for additional research to solidify these findings and understand the broader implications. The energy drink industry, now a $58 billion enterprise, could face significant public health scrutiny if further studies confirm these risks. Understanding the exact mechanisms by which these drinks affect heart health will be crucial for developing guidelines and safety standards.

Conclusion: A Precautionary Approach

red bull energy drink
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The current findings suggest a cautious approach to energy drink consumption, especially for those with genetic heart conditions. While definitive proof of causation requires more extensive research, the associations observed in this study are compelling enough to warrant caution. As Dr. Mustali Dohadwala, a cardiologist, points out, these findings might illuminate broader public health concerns regarding the unregulated market of energy-deriving foods and beverages.

In conclusion, while energy drinks provide a convenient energy boost, they may carry hidden dangers, particularly for individuals with pre-existing heart conditions. The study underscores the importance of awareness and the need for further research to fully understand and mitigate these risks.

Read More: This Is The Reason I Only Drink Water And Nothing Else


  1. Sudden cardiac arrest occurring in temporal proximity to consumption of energy drinks.” Heart Rhythm Journal. Katherine A. Martinez, BS, Sahej Bains, BS, Raquel Neves, MD, John R. Giudicessi, MD, PhD, J. Martijn Bos, MD, PhD and Michael J. Ackerman, MD, PhD. June 05, 2024.
  2. Energy drinks linked to potential heart attack risk for people with genetic conditions.” Medical News Today. Christopher Curley on June 6, 2024.
  3. Arrhythmogenic foods—An underestimated medical problem?Heart Rhythm Journal. Ido Avivi, MD and Ehud Chorin, MD, PhD. June 5, 2024.